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Links to Curriculum and Assessment of Learning

This page informs teachers on how these resources link to the New Zealand curriculum.

These Resources Support Teaching and Learning and Link to the New Zealand Curriculum: Science Learning Areas


Level 8

Living World

Life Processes, Ecology and Evolution: Understand the relationship between organisms and their environment

Level 3 Achievement Standards That Link to These Resources

  • AS91603 Biology 3.3: Demonstrate understanding of the responses of plants and animals to their external environment

Key Concepts from Level 3 Biology That Link to These Resources

Below are selected objectives from the year 13 biology programme that link to these resources. Please note, these are not a full list of the concepts in your course.

  • Distinguish between intraspecific and interspecific responses in animals and the relationship between these responses and ecological niche
  • Distinguish between innate and learned behaviour
  • Recognise and explain the purpose of the following types of intraspecific interactions: Fighting, territoriality, hierarchies, group formation, courtship and breeding and parental care 
  • Recognise and explain the purpose of the following interspecific interactions: Predator-prey, obtaining food, defensive behaviour, mutualism and commensalism 
  • Describe ways in which animals sense or detect environmental stimuli. Include the following: Photoreceptors, thermoreceptors, mechanoreceptors, chemoreceptors, auditory receptors and detection of electrical and magnetic fields
  • Describe the following biological orientation responses in animals: Taxes, kineses, homing and migration. Include the triggers for these responses
  • Describe how the following environmental clues are used by animals for homing and migration: Visual clues, solar navigation, magnetic fields, star navigation, chemical navigation and sound/sonar navigation
  • Define what a biological timing response is and give examples of timing responses 
  • Define the terms biological clock, circadian rhythm, circatidal rhythm, circannual rhythm and circalunar rhythm
  • Define and recognise the following daily cycles: Diurnal, nocturnal, crepuscular and arrhythmic 
  • Analyse data to define the period of a biological rhythm, effect of a phase shift and free running period
  • Define the terms entrainment, zeitgeber, endogenous rhythm and exogenous rhythm