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Further Resources

This page contains additional resources for teachers to further understand gene expression and epigenetics.

Helpful Web Pages

Epigenetic Influences and Disease

Learn how epigenetic treatments are being used to counteract epigenetic changes which cause diseases like cancer


Learn Genetics - Epigenetics

An introduction to epigenetics, aimed at school students


Science in School - Antioxidants and Food


The Dutch Famine Study


The International Society for Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD)


The Raine Study


Further Resources for Teachers and Senior Students

Adams, J. (2008). Obesity, epigenetics, and gene regulation. Nature Education, 1(1):128


Cooney, C, A. (2006). Germ cells carry the epigenetic benefits of grandmother’s diet. PNAS, 103(46), 17071 –17072.


Sloboda, M., Howie, G., Pleasants, A., Gluckman, P., & Vickers, M. (2009). Pre- and postnatal nutritional histories influence reproductive maturation and ovarian function in the rat. PLoS ONE, 4(8): e6744. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006744


Gluckman, P.D., Hanson, M.A., & Low, F.M. (2019). Evolutionary and developmental mismatches are consequences of adaptive developmental plasticity in humans and have implications for later disease risk. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 374.


Howie, G. J.,  Sloboda, D. M., Kamal, T., & Vickers, M. H. (2009). Maternal nutritional history predicts obesity in adult offspring independent of postnatal diet. The Journal of Physiology, 587(4), 905 -915.


Hunter, P. (2008). We are what we eat. The link between diet, evolution and non-genetic inheritance. EMBO reports 9(5), 413–415.


Jones, P. A. (2008). Moving AHEAD with an international human epigenome project. Nature, 454, 711 - 715.


Kuijper, B., Hanson, M. A., Vitikainen, E. I. K., Marshall, H. H., Ozanne, S. E., & Cant, M. A. (2019). Developing differences: early-life effects and evolutionary medicine. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 374.


Laura, B. (2008). Epigenomics: The new tool in studying complex diseases. Nature Education 1(1):178


Simmons, D. (2008). Epigenetic influence and disease. Nature Education 1(1):6


New Scientist. (2008). Evolution: 24 myths and misconceptions.