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Further Resources

This page contains additional resources for teachers to further understand animal navigation.

Further Reading for Teachers and Senior Students

Dennis, T. E., Rayner, M. J., & Walker, M. M. (2007). Evidence that pigeons orient to geomagnetic intensity during homing. Proc. R. Soc. B 274(1614), 1153 - 1158.


Kalmijn, A. J., & Blakemore, R. P. (1978). The magnetic behavior of mud bacteria. In K. Schmidt- Koenig & W. T. Keeton (Eds.), Animal migration, navigation and homing (pp.  354-355). Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.


Kirschvink, J. L., Walker, M. M., & Diebel, C. E. (2001). Magnetite-based magnetoreception. Curr Opin Neurobiol , 11(4), 462-467.


Schmidt-Koenig, K., & Walcott, C. (1978). Tracks of pigeons homing with frosted lenses. Anim Behav 26, 480-486.


Reilly, I. W. (2002). Magnetic position determination by homing pigeons? Journal of Theoretical Biology, 218(1), 47-54.


Walker, M. M. (1998). On a wing and a vector: a model for magnetic navigation by homing pigeons. J Theor Biol, 192(3), 41-349.


Walker, M. M. (2008). A model for encoding of magnetic field intensity by magnetic-based magnetoreceptor cells. J Theor Biol 250, 85-89.


Walker, M. M., Diebel, C. E., Haugh, C. V., Pankhurst, P. M., Montgomery, J. C., & Green, C. R. (1997). Structure and function of the vertebrate magnetic sense. Nature, 390, 371-376.


Walker, M. M., Dennis, T. E., & Kirschvink, J.L (2002). The magnetic sense and its use in long-distance navigation by animals. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 12, 735-744.