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Links to Curriculum and Assessment of Learning

This page informs teachers on how these resources link to the New Zealand curriculum.

These Resources Support Teaching and Learning and Link to the New Zealand Curriculum: Science Learning Areas


Level 7

Levels 7 & 8

Level 8

Nature of Science


Understanding About Science: Understand that scientists have an obligation to connect their new ideas to current and historical scientific knowledge and to present their findings for peer review and debate


Participating and Contributing: Use relevant information to develop a coherent understanding of socio-scientific issues that concern them, to identify possible responses at both personal and societal levels


Living World

Evolution: Understand that DNA and the environment interact in gene expression


Ecology and Evolution: Explain how the interaction between ecological factors and natural selection leads to genetic changes within populations


Life Processes, Ecology and Evolution: Understand the relationship between organisms and their environment


Understand how humans manipulate the transfer of genetic information from one generation to the next and make informed judgements about the social, ethical and biological implications relating to this manipulation


Level 3 Achievement Standards That Link to These Resources

  • AS 91157 Biology 2.5: Demonstrate understanding of genetic variation and change
  • AS 91159 Biology 2.7: Demonstrate understanding og gene expression
  • AS 91602 Biology 3.2: Integrate biological knowledge to develop an informed response to a socio-scientific issue
  • AS 91607 Biology 3.7: Demonstrate understanding of human manipulations of genetic transfer and its biological implications

Key Concepts from Level 2 and 3 Biology That Link to These Resources

Below are selected objectives from the Year 13 biology programme that link to these resources. Please note, these are not a full list of the concepts in your course. 


Molecular Genetics/Mutations

  • Describe DNA in terms of structure and function 
  • Describe the process of protein synthesis and the role of DNA in the production of proteins 
  • Describe the role of DNA in gene expression and the determination of phenotype 
  • Describe the process of mitosis and meiosis. 
  • Define the term mutation and identify ways in which mutations may affect an organism   
  • Identify the causes of mutations   
  • Differentiate between somatic and gametic mutations and identify the potential effect of each of these
  • Show understanding of molecular genetics by using the core knowledge to give reasons for events that happen in the cell and linking ideas   
  • Show understanding of  the cause and effect of mutations by using the core knowledge to link ideas



  • Describe the techniques involved in gene cloning and how gene cloning meets human needs and demands
  • Describe the techniques involved in genome analysis and how genome analysis meets human needs and demands
  • Describe the technique of tissue culture and how it meets human needs and demands
  • Be aware of the differing viewpoints of the use of biotechnological applications
  • Show understanding of applications of biotechnological techniques by using core knowledge to link ideas