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Links to Curriculum and Assessment of Learning

This page informs teachers on how these resources link to the New Zealand curriculum.

These Resources Support Teaching and Learning and Link to the New Zealand Curriculum: Science Learning Areas


Level 7

Levels 7 & 8

Level 8

Nature of Science


Understanding About Science: Understand that scientists have an obligation to connect their new ideas to current and historical scientific knowledge and to present their findings for peer review and debate


Participating and Contributing: Use relevant information to develop a coherent understanding of socio-scientific issues that concern them, to identify possible responses at both personal and societal levels


Living World

Evolution: Understand that DNA and the environment interact in gene expression


Ecology and Evolution: Explain how the interaction between ecological factors and natural selection leads to genetic changes within populations

  Life processes, Ecology and Evolution: Understand the relationship between organisms and their environment

These Resources Support Teaching and Learning and Link to Te Marautanga o Aotearoa: Ngā Wāhanga Ako: Pūtaiao:

  • Ngā Tautake Pūtaiao me ngā Kōrero-o-Mua
  • Te Ao Tūroa: Te Rauropi Te Taiao

These Resources Link to NCEA Level 2 and 3 Achievement Standards:

  • AS91159 Biology 2.7: Demonstrate Understanding of Gene Expression  
  • AS91606 Biology 3.6: Demonstrate Understanding of Trends in Human Evolution

Concepts from Curriculum Level 8 That Link to These Resources

Below are selected objectives from the Year 13 biology programme that link to this resource. Please note, these are not a full list of the concepts on your course. 


Gene Expression/Genetics:

  • Describe DNA in terms of structure and function.
  • Describe the process of DNA replication and the role that enzymes have in this process.
  • Describe the process of protein synthesis and the role of DNA and enzymes in the production of proteins.
  • Describe the role of DNA in gene expression and the determination of phenotype.
  • Describe the control of gene expression at the transcriptional level in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
  • Describe the role of metabolic pathways in the control of gene expression.
  • Explain the role of gene‐gene interactions (epistasis, collaboration and polygenes) in the determination of phenotype.
  • Explain the potential effect of environment on the expression of genes (although this is not a specific objective from the Y13 programme, understanding of this concept will allow you to understand metabolic pathways and control of gene expression—e.g. think about how the lac‐operon is controlled by the presence or absence of lactose).